The Trump administration plans to restrict the entry into the United States to citizens of another seven countries, including Belarus and Kyrgyzstan. The president also wants fewer people from Eritrea, Myanmar, Sudan, Nigeria, and Tanzania to enter America.
The government explained that not all countries would be completely banned from entering America. But there will be restrictions for some types of visas, among which are business visas and travel visas. Some countries may be barred from participating in the green card lottery.
According to the Wall Street Journal, the list of countries is not final. Perhaps it will add one or two countries.
The White House insists that such a policy is necessary to prevent potential terrorist attacks. The United States believes that these countries do not check people who fly to America well enough.
Trump’s first executive decree, which denied entry to most residents of seven Muslim countries, was rejected by a federal court and revoked. The second version of the ban, issued in March 2017, also canceled the court. In both cases, the cause was religious discrimination against Muslims.
The third version of the decree, published in September 2017, was passed by the Supreme Court. Citizens of some countries were allowed to ban entry in June 2018 on the grounds that federal law gives the president broad powers to suspend entry into the United States.
These restrictions still apply. They block the entry of people from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Yemen and North Korea, as well as political officials from Venezuela. The administration for some time included Chad in this list, but already in April 2018 removed it.
Unlike the original list, in newest countries there is almost no Muslim population. However, according to the Department of Homeland Security, some of them have a high percentage of expired visas to the United States.
The decision to include Belarus in the list seems rather surprising, because in recent years the diplomatic relations of the countries have improved. For example, Americans were allowed to travel to Belarus without a visa for 30 days. In addition, the Belarusian authorities lifted the limit on the number of American diplomats in the country.
The Americans sought to improve relations with Belarus and “lure” it out of Russian influence. US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo planned to visit it just a few weeks ago, but was forced to cancel the trip due to tension in relations with Iran.
Belarusians are rarely denied an American visa. In 2019, there were only 21.9% of them. But citizens of Kyrgyzstan are less lucky – they were refused in 67.7% of cases.
In Belarus, there is also a small percentage of people who “stay” in the United States for the duration of their travel arrangements. According to the Department of National Security, there are only 4.1% of them. In Kyrgyzstan, there are even fewer such people – 3.7%. This is significantly lower than in other indicated countries. For example, in Eritrea, 26.46% of people are in America longer than the B1 / B2 travel permit allows. In Nigeria 0 – 15.18%, in Sudan – 12.5%.
Many other countries also have strong relationships with the United States. For example, Nigeria is America’s counterterrorism partner, and the United States has a large Nigerian diaspora. At the same time, Trump used to call African countries “shitty” and once said that if Nigerians come to the United States, they will never “return to their huts” in Africa.
Myanmar is another intriguing case. The United States has been trying for ten years to improve relations with this country and get it out of the influence of China, despite the massacre of the Rohingya Muslims by the military of Myanmar.
But Sudan had a bad relationship with the United States. But a revolution recently took place in the country, and the long-standing leader of the state, Omar al-Bashir, was overthrown. The new leadership of Sudan is trying to improve its reputation in the United States, and a travel ban could undermine the new government.